Climate change threatens agricultural production, posing challenges to the stability of supply chains. Farmers will need to adapt their practices to become less vulnerable, but often lack skills, incentives, and access to medium- to long-term finance at affordable interest rates, to invest in climate resilience.
The Agricultural Supply Chain Adaptation Facility (ASCAF) works through Multilateral Development Banks, who would partner with agribusiness corporations and work through their supply chains to reach small to medium-sized farmers in developing countries. With donor backing, The Facility would enhance Multilateral Development Banks’ and third-party financiers’ comfort in lending to these farmers, and support the development of technical assistance measures. In doing so, The Facility would address small to medium-sized farmers’ lack of access to medium- to long-term finance and capacity for investments in climate resilience.
The Inter-American Investment Corporation is piloting ASCAF in Latin America and the Caribbean, at the ECOM Coffee Renovation Facility in Nicaragua. The pilot is estimated to require about USD 10-30 million in concessional loans and USD 5 million in grant resources from donors to fund the credit enhancement and technical assistance components of the Facility, respectively. The Inter-American Development Bank, in partnership with Calvert Investments, has provided seed funding of USD 5 million from the Climate-Smart Agriculture Fund for the Private Sector. Post-pilot, ASCAF will require USD 100 million to achieve scale.
If successfully piloted in the Latin America and Caribbean region, the Facility could be scaled up and replicated, helping to offset climate change-induced agricultural production shocks, thereby protecting or increasing farmers’ revenues.
The Agricultural Supply Chain Adaptation Facility would be backed by a donor trust fund, which would be structured to cover a portion of potential first-losses to reduce Multilateral Development Banks’ and third-party lenders’ credit default risks. Donor resources would be used to fund the technical assistance and first-loss components of The Facility with grants and concessional loans respectively. The depth of the first-loss, and technical assistance funding requirements, may vary depending on context specific circumstances, the underlying risks, and corporations’ related value chain needs.
The Multilateral Development Bank, third-party lenders, and agribusinesses would in-turn provide market-based loans to farmers and processors at tenors aligned with the identified climate-resilient investments. Agribusinesses would be responsible for loan origination and servicing, but the majority of the loan portfolio would reside on the Multilateral Development Bank’s and co-lender’s balance sheets. The pilot kick-off is dependent on the engagement of one or two corporations, third-party co-financiers, and on donor funding.
News & Events
The Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance launches four initiatives to drive billions in climate investmentApril 22, 2015
Initiatives begin fundraising efforts, collectively raise over $100 million in initial funding NEW YORK – As nations work to address climate change, access to finance has emerged as a critical element particularly in developing countries, which are often unable to attract private investment to low-carbon and climate resilient activities. Today, The Global Innovation Lab for Climate […]
Kelle Bevine is Chief of Strategy within IDB’s Structured and Corporate Finance Department (SCF). She recently blogged about The Lab’s process and one of the ideas – the Agricultural Supply Chain Adaptation Facility. Read more
Elee Ismael Muslin